Tanzania

TEN QUICK FACTS ABOUT INEQUALITY IN TANZANIA
  1. Income inequality in Tanzania has been rising since 1992.
  2. In 2011, the overall average income in Tanzania was estimated at US$532. However, the richest 20 percent got an average of US$ 1,186 while an average of US$180 went to the poorest 40 percent of the population.
  3. Tanzania’s poorest households have the lowest infant mortality rates among East Africa’s poorest households.
  4. Malnutrition rates in Tanzania have increased amongst the richest and poorest households.
  5. Between 2004 and 2010, the probability of a child in the wealthiest quintile being stunted increased from 16 percent to 26 percent.
  6. Dodoma has the highest rate of stunted children in Tanzania (56 percent), and second highest in East Africa after Burundi’s North and Central-East province (61 percent).
  7. Some 68 percent of teachers in urban schools are absent from classrooms while 50 percent of teachers in rural areas are not in class even when they are at school.
  8. Tanzania’s urban schools are four times more likely to have electricity, water and sanitation than rural schools. However, even in urban areas, just 8 percent of schools have such services.
  9. Children in Tanzania’s rural schools are taught for just 42 percent and those in urban schools, for just 27 percent of the scheduled teaching time.
  10. 60 percent of urban health facilities have electricity, clean water and improved sanitation compared to just 5 percent of rural facilities.

 

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